How to make a home garden yourself

Read our guide to learn how to make a home garden yourself: you will find interesting ideas to create your natural oasis and give vent to your green thumb.

How to make your own home garden: global evaluation of the operation

The following table will give you an overall estimate of the costs, processing times, and degree of difficulty of this specific project.

These are the key steps to know how to make a home garden yourself like a real professional

1. Understand the intended use of the garden

To understand how to make a home garden yourself, it is first of all good to evaluate some preliminary aspects, such as:

How much space do you have available outside the house; Which areas are naturally more exposed to the sun and which ones are shaded; What are the climatic characteristics of the area in which you live, which will determine the choice of tree species to plant in your new green space. In addition to this, it is good that you are well aware of the intended use of your new garden, which could be in this case:

A simple green area in which to alternate flowers, plants, and lawn; A relaxation area, perhaps furnished with outdoor furniture, interspersed with flower beds and connected to the courtyard area by special walkways; A small Zen garden, in which there is an artificial lake with aquatic plants, which will give you peace and serenity, thanks also to small water games and waterfalls; An area where you can have lunch and dinner outdoors, perhaps protected by a pergola and at the same time surrounded by greenery. Once you have chosen how to set up your garden, you can start planning the various areas of your garden, which will fully reflect your taste and your personality.

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2. The planting of tree species

As regards specifically the phase of choice and planting of the plants, hedges, and grass that will form your green area, take care to verify that these may be species that can coexist together and that can resist the peculiar microclimate of your area.

That said, the classic plants to grow in the garden can be:

The hedges, useful for creating the necessary privacy outside the house; Medium-sized trees, which will serve to create a shaded area, under which you can install a gazebo, a swing, or simply create a relaxation area with sofas and armchairs; Colored flowers, typical of artificial flower beds, which will create wonderful chromatic contrasts with the green of the grass; Climbing species, such as ivy or wisteria, perhaps to grow on special supports, or on the structure of a pergola, to combine the advantage of having shade under it with the pleasure of their colors. Before proceeding with the planting of your species, however, you must proceed as follows:

Level the soil and if necessary plow it slightly, to facilitate the sowing of the lawn; Fertilize the garden areas properly, to ensure your plants get the right nourishment; Sow the grass you have selected for your new lawn; Start creating the holes for the creation of flower beds and for the planting of hedges and trees, making sure they are the right size. At this point you can begin to remove your plants from the pot, being careful not to damage the roots, and then insert them in the appropriate holes, bury them with the soil obtained from the excavation operations and irrigate them abundantly.

It is good that you plant a couple of days after preparing the soil, in order to ensure that all the nutrients of the fertilizer penetrate into it; also take care to plant trees and flowers when the sun goes down, to avoid further stress in addition to that due to the planting itself.

3. The decor of your garden

Once the sowing and planting operations have been completed, let’s get to know how to make a home garden by yourself and how to furnish it properly.

Here not only your personal taste comes into play, but the scheme you made during the design phase: in fact, each area of ​​your garden will be furnished in such a way as to perform a specific function, without however giving up a touch of style.

In this case, we are talking about:

An area intended for lunches and dinners, with outdoor tables and chairs made of materials suitable to withstand the elements. Usually, this part of the garden is inserted under a pergola, a canopy, or a gazebo, which will ensure you shelter from wind, sun, and rain; An en-plan-air sitting room, where you can have an aperitif in the company of friends and relatives, or where you can relax on hot summer afternoons. Usually, this area has trees with very large foliage close by, in such a way as to be able to have sufficient shade throughout the day; A barbecue, that is an external fireplace in prefabricated materials, to be used for kitchen use. Usually, this construction is inserted in a grassy area of ​​the garden, away from the trees and in an area where the wind can carry away the fumes of your grilled meat and fish; An artificial lake, typical of Zen gardens, with plays of water and light and inhabited by aquatic plants and colorful fish. This area can usually be combined with the sitting room, or be isolated in a specific space of your garden, to act as a simple choreographic effect. Each of these areas can then be connected by specific walkways and surrounded by flower beds filled with colorful flowers, to break the monotony of the green of the grass, hedges, and trees.

Do you want to know the prices related to the creation of a garden at home? Now that you have read our guide on how to make a home garden yourself, you just have to do an in-depth study on the costs related to this specific operation.

4. The lighting

As the last step of our guide on how to make a home garden yourself, all that remains is to create the right night atmosphere, thanks to a lighting system suited to your green space.

On the market, there are various types of spotlights, street lamps, and lanterns, with high resistance to cold, humidity, and rain, which you can choose based on shapes and lighting capacity and which you will insert in the focal points of your garden, to create the right contrast between artificial light and dark.

Regardless of style, shape, and size, a classic garden lighting system cannot ignore elements such as:

Spotlights to be drowned in the floor or in the ground; Lanterns to hang on gazebos and pergolas; Lampposts with support poles of various heights, a classic solution to be inserted in your lawn to have enough light to illuminate the garden and consequently also the outside of your home. Finally, you can choose some ad hoc spotlights to be installed in your artificial pond, which will add a show to the water games already present inside the tank.

Ideas for the garden

The idea of ​​the garden is often associated with a terrace and sun, or even with a lawn where children can play safely. If you are planning to renovate or build a new garden, then it is essential to take several factors into consideration. Examples can be found below. What aspect do you want to give to the garden? Modern, romantic, natural, or regular and low-maintenance. Everything is achievable, but it will be necessary to approach the design appropriately. Is it advisable to contact a professional or opt for do-it-yourself?

Children in the garden?

If this space is often used by children, then a lawn is a great option. The possibilities are however numerous; for example, it will be possible to use a rubber coating to be placed under the swing or the play area, so as to ensure the safety of the little ones. It is also important to take care of the aspects related to the plants and make sure that there are no poisonous plants such as badger, laburnum, and aconite.

A place to sunbathe?

Do you want to sunbathe on the terrace? Then it is good to create an area that guarantees good exposure to the sun and with enough space. Usually, the size of a sun terrace is 2.2 m2 per person.


If the barbecue has an important function in the garden, then it is advisable to choose a well-protected place. It is good to be sure that the ground is resistant, that the place is not exposed to wind, and that the barbecue is always firmly fixed to the ground. Electric barbecues are increasingly used compared to those with charcoal, so it is good to take into account the presence of sockets.

Separate space for cars, bicycles, and scooters?

Do you need a separate space for a car, bicycles, and scooters? Then it is important to have a secondary exit. It is, therefore, necessary to have a precise plan and to think in advance about the most suitable flooring.

What should be taken into consideration when designing this space? The garden needs meticulous planning; it is important to know the plants that grow in the sun – such as lobelia, geranium, or sage – and that do not need shade places. It is good to know that any pond exposed to the sun will be more subject to algae growth and it is finally essential to plan the flooring in advance and to lay a layer of sand as well as try to ensure excellent drainage.

Position of the sun

The design of the garden also varies according to the position and use that you want to make of it. It is important to know its positioning to know what the lighting will be during the day; to do this it is advisable to use a compass. The gardens to the south are more affected by the sun, and trees can therefore be planted to create shaded areas, while those to the north are less so and it will be better to opt for low plants and bushes.

Types of soil

Close to factors such as the position of the sun, wind, and temperature, it is also important to consider the type of soil present in the garden. Certain plants such as lavender and yarrow are perfect for sandy soil. Plants such as dahlia and wisteria are perfect for peaty soil. In addition, it will also be important to take into account the pH of the soil. It is therefore good to ask for advice from a professional gardener and choose the plants according to the circumstances.


The choice of plants is important for the atmosphere you want to give to your space and varies according to elements such as the size of the garden, the position of the sun, and the type of trees. Plants significantly change the atmosphere of the garden, so it is advisable to contact a gardener for any advice.


The surface of the garden – think of a floor or gravel cover – can be beautiful and functional. By creating the necessary connections between the various elements of the external environment (such as a tool shed with a back door) you can walk peacefully in the garden without getting your feet dirty. The possibilities in the field of flooring are many and you can choose the style according to your budget. Is it better to opt for do-it-yourself or go to a professional?

Division of spaces

Garden design — such as a wall, partition, or fence — gives additional privacy and protects against the wind. The division of spaces greatly affects style, costs, and maintenance. Building a wall to delimit your space will involve a choice to be made together with your neighbors, and it is, therefore, good to discuss the various options with them. Both parties will therefore be responsible for maintenance, renovation, and costs.

Create a pond

For many people, a pond is an indispensable element to have a completely natural environment, which harmoniously combines water and land. Creating a pond isn’t an easy job, so it’s important to choose the right spot — constant sun exposure will affect algae growth — and plan your garden layout in advance. Furthermore, it will often be necessary to take care of the subsoil before starting work. In this case, it is advisable to contact a professional.

Construction in the garden

Toolshed, wooden construction, pergola, garage, or winter garden … these exterior constructions can greatly increase the value of the home. It is good to pay attention to the regulations relating to outdoor environments and be sure that special permits are not necessary. It is therefore always advisable to inquire in advance at your municipality of residence.