Read our guide to learn how to make a home garden yourself: you will find interesting ideas to create your natural oasis and give vent to your green thumb.
How to make your own home garden: global evaluation of the operation
The following table will give you an overall estimate of the costs, processing times, and degree of difficulty of this specific project.
These are the key steps to know how to make a home garden yourself like a real professional
1. Understand the intended use of the garden
To understand how to make a home garden yourself, it is first of all good to evaluate some preliminary aspects, such as:
How much space do you have available outside the house; Which areas are naturally more exposed to the sun and which ones are shaded; What are the climatic characteristics of the area in which you live, which will determine the choice of tree species to plant in your new green space. In addition to this, it is good that you are well aware of the intended use of your new garden, which could be in this case:
A simple green area in which to alternate flowers, plants, and lawn; A relaxation area, perhaps furnished with outdoor furniture, interspersed with flower beds and connected to the courtyard area by special walkways; A small Zen garden, in which there is an artificial lake with aquatic plants, which will give you peace and serenity, thanks also to small water games and waterfalls; An area where you can have lunch and dinner outdoors, perhaps protected by a pergola and at the same time surrounded by greenery. Once you have chosen how to set up your garden, you can start planning the various areas of your garden, which will fully reflect your taste and your personality.
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2. The planting of tree species
As regards specifically the phase of choice and planting of the plants, hedges, and grass that will form your green area, take care to verify that these may be species that can coexist together and that can resist the peculiar microclimate of your area.
That said, the classic plants to grow in the garden can be:
The hedges, useful for creating the necessary privacy outside the house; Medium-sized trees, which will serve to create a shaded area, under which you can install a gazebo, a swing, or simply create a relaxation area with sofas and armchairs; Colored flowers, typical of artificial flower beds, which will create wonderful chromatic contrasts with the green of the grass; Climbing species, such as ivy or wisteria, perhaps to grow on special supports, or on the structure of a pergola, to combine the advantage of having shade under it with the pleasure of their colors. Before proceeding with the planting of your species, however, you must proceed as follows:
Level the soil and if necessary plow it slightly, to facilitate the sowing of the lawn; Fertilize the garden areas properly, to ensure your plants get the right nourishment; Sow the grass you have selected for your new lawn; Start creating the holes for the creation of flower beds and for the planting of hedges and trees, making sure they are the right size. At this point you can begin to remove your plants from the pot, being careful not to damage the roots, and then insert them in the appropriate holes, bury them with the soil obtained from the excavation operations and irrigate them abundantly.
It is good that you plant a couple of days after preparing the soil, in order to ensure that all the nutrients of the fertilizer penetrate into it; also take care to plant trees and flowers when the sun goes down, to avoid further stress in addition to that due to the planting itself.
3. The decor of your garden
Once the sowing and planting operations have been completed, let’s get to know how to make a home garden by yourself and how to furnish it properly.
Here not only your personal taste comes into play, but the scheme you made during the design phase: in fact, each area of your garden will be furnished in such a way as to perform a specific function, without however giving up a touch of style.
In this case, we are talking about:
An area intended for lunches and dinners, with outdoor tables and chairs made of materials suitable to withstand the elements. Usually, this part of the garden is inserted under a pergola, a canopy, or a gazebo, which will ensure you shelter from wind, sun, and rain; An en-plan-air sitting room, where you can have an aperitif in the company of friends and relatives, or where you can relax on hot summer afternoons. Usually, this area has trees with very large foliage close by, in such a way as to be able to have sufficient shade throughout the day; A barbecue, that is an external fireplace in prefabricated materials, to be used for kitchen use. Usually, this construction is inserted in a grassy area of the garden, away from the trees and in an area where the wind can carry away the fumes of your grilled meat and fish; An artificial lake, typical of Zen gardens, with plays of water and light and inhabited by aquatic plants and colorful fish. This area can usually be combined with the sitting room, or be isolated in a specific space of your garden, to act as a simple choreographic effect. Each of these areas can then be connected by specific walkways and surrounded by flower beds filled with colorful flowers, to break the monotony of the green of the grass, hedges, and trees.
Do you want to know the prices related to the creation of a garden at home? Now that you have read our guide on how to make a home garden yourself, you just have to do an in-depth study on the costs related to this specific operation.
4. The lighting
As the last step of our guide on how to make a home garden yourself, all that remains is to create the right night atmosphere, thanks to a lighting system suited to your green space.
On the market, there are various types of spotlights, street lamps, and lanterns, with high resistance to cold, humidity, and rain, which you can choose based on shapes and lighting capacity and which you will insert in the focal points of your garden, to create the right contrast between artificial light and dark.
Regardless of style, shape, and size, a classic garden lighting system cannot ignore elements such as:
Spotlights to be drowned in the floor or in the ground; Lanterns to hang on gazebos and pergolas; Lampposts with support poles of various heights, a classic solution to be inserted in your lawn to have enough light to illuminate the garden and consequently also the outside of your home. Finally, you can choose some ad hoc spotlights to be installed in your artificial pond, which will add a show to the water games already present inside the tank.